- Density: green wood, 700-800 kg/m3
- Color: white-yellow
- Hardness: 1.4 kN
- Flexibility: 6.3 GPa
- Tensile strength: 42 MPa
- Compression strength: 20 MPa
- Maximum resistance against insects
- Seasoned wood: 300-310 kg/m3
Features and benefits of Paulownia tree
Wood is the main product obtained from Paulownia. Due to its resistance and of the fact that it is a light material, Paulownia wood is very suitable and proper for furniture and upholstery inside of the caravans, light aircraft and boats.
It is suitable for obtaining wood pulp fiber, paper and laminated beams.
The wood is semiprecious, of a very light color, very strong and ultra lightweight, weighs very little and is very popular, with a very good price.
Making a comparison with metals, Paulownia can be considered as the “aluminium” of the utility of timber. A cubic meter of this type of wood weighs around 310 kg.
It is one of intensively processed products, the most stable, does not bend, neither crack nor warp.
The wood is easy to work, has a high finesse and enables a wide variety of finished products. Can be painted, varnished or can add adhesive. It is not easily flammable and it is waterproof. Its texture and color are similar to the ash. Due to its light crafting is perfect for processing development plan and coverings. It has a large capacity of insulation for heat and/or cold. Construction is excellent as plywood and insulation or interior or exterior. Trees can be cut after a minimum of three years for the production of wood and after one to two years for the production of pillars. It is easily peeled (20% easier than other trees). It easily adapts to the climate and soils. It has a high degree of utilization as trees can be cut every three years to be used for energy or for use in woodworking shops.
Can form a protective curtain forest, they are very suitable trees for shade. Shadow can differ depending on the density of trees planted. Can serve as ornaments and offer a fireproof due to their low resistance in softwood and oils (very high ignition temperature).
This tree tolerates all soil types as long as the groundwater level is less than 2 meters and not be rock to a depth of 6 meters. Fluid requirements are 750 m3 per year.
Adult trees nitrogen consumption is estimated at 350 UF nitrogen.
The roots are vertical, reaching up to 9 meters. Crown width can easily exceed 10 meters, so it is not advisable to plant Paulownia or any other trees with high crown near walls, buildings, water pipes or cable networks.
The leaves are large size, especially in the first year of growth, with more than 60 inches, which is a great help in tackling environmental air pollution. The leaves are useful as animal feed or as fertilizer because it contains nitrogen. 1 ha of Paulownia estimated absorption of CO2 is 28 Tm hectares per year.
The flowers are very appreciated by bees for honey production.
Paulownia honey has a remarkable aromatic taste, light color and can be compared only with the same quality like acacia honey. Paulownia honey is used as medicine to help cure bronchitis and other respiratory diseases and also it is useful to improve digestion. These properties of honey are due to Paulownia biologically active substances from the flowers, which in turn are used in food. Honey production per hectare is around 700 kg.